Tmux tutorial

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This is the tutorial of Tmux.

Introduction

Tmux is a nice and user-friendly software used on command line. It ensures the current task running even if the SSH is broken down abnormally, that is this software can replace the tradition nohup to some extent.

Briefly speaking, there are two features in this software.

  1. split the windows into different and independent sub-terminal, and raise the efficiency.

  2. reduce the risks of disconnection of SSH and increase security.

Component

  • session
  • windows
  • pane

session management

  • create new session
tmux new [-s <session_name>]
  • list session
tmux ls
  • connect to the last session
tmux a [-t <session_name>]
  • close the session
tmux kill-session [-t <session_name>]
tmux kill-server # close all
  • list session in tmux: prefix + s

  • rename the session: prefix + $

  • detach from the present session: prefix + d

windows management

  • create a new windows: prefix + c

  • rename the windows: prefix + ,

  • list windows: prefix + w

  • next/previous/last windows: prefix + n/p/l

  • choose windows: prefix + 0~9

  • close windows: prefix + &

pane management

  • create horizonal pane: prefix + %

  • create vertical pane: prefix + "

  • switch pane: prefix + up/down/left/right

  • display the pane number: prefix + q

  • close pane: prefix + x

  • rearrange pane: prefix + space

  • show time: prefix + t

  • zone in the pane: prefix + z

Configuration

  • create a tmux config file
vim ~/.tmux.conf
  • reconfigure the prefix and mouse mode

append the following content to ~/.tmux.conf

# remap prefix from 'C-b' to 'C-a'
set-option -g prefix C-x
unbind-key C-b
bind-key C-x send-prefix

# Use Alt-arrow keys to switch panes
bind -n M-Left select-pane -L
bind -n M-Right select-pane -R
bind -n M-Up select-pane -U
bind -n M-Down select-pane -D

# Mouse mode
setw -g mode-mouse on
  • restart the tmux
tmux source-file ~/.tmux.conf

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